In investments, options provide a unique opportunity for investors to minimise riskpotentially maximise returns. In Singapore, one of the most popular options available in the market is SGX (Singapore Exchange) options. These contracts provide investors with the option, though not the obligation, to purchase or sell an underlying asset at a predetermined price during a specified timeframe.
In a low-interest environment, options can be valuable for investors navigating market uncertaintiesgenerating potential returns. This article will discuss SGX options that are particularly relevant in a low-interest environment in Singapore.
Covered call option
The covered call option strategy is commonly used by investors who hold a long position in an underlying assetwish to generate additional income. In this low-interest environment, the covered call option can benefit investors looking to enhance their returns.
A covered call option involves selling a call option on an underlying asset the investor holds. The investor receives a premium from the buyer of the call option, providing them with additional income. However, this strategy also limits the potential upside for the investor as they have agreed to sell their asset at a predetermined price.
In a low-interest environment, the premium received from selling a covered call option can be more attractive than traditional fixed-income investments. Additionally, if the underlying asset does not reach the predetermined price, the investor can continue to hold onto itcollect premiums from selling covered call options.
Protective put option
The protective put option is a hedging strategy that provides investors with downside protection. In a low-interest environment, this strategy can benefit investors looking to protect their portfolios from potential losses.
A protective put option involves purchasing a put option on an underlying asset the investor holds. It allows the investor to sell their asset at a predetermined price, protecting them from any potential downside risk. The investor pays a premium for the put option in exchange for this protection.
In a low-interest environment, investors may be more willing to pay the premium for a protective put option as they seek to safeguard their investments. This strategy can benefit investors with highly volatile assets who want to mitigate potential losses.
Bull call spread
A bull call spread is bullish in that it aims to take advantage of the upward movement of an underlying asset. It involves purchasing a call option with a lower strike priceselling a call option with a higher one on the same asset. In a low-interest environment, this strategy can be helpful for investors looking to benefit from a potential increase in the price of an asset.
The investor pays a premium for the lower strike call optionreceives a bonus from selling the higher strike call option. It reduces the upfront cost of the tradelimits potential losses if the underlying asset’s price does not increase significantly.
In a low-interest environment, the bull call spread can be appealing as it offers potential returns without requiring a significant initial investment. However, investors should also be aware of the limited upside potential of this strategy.
Bear put spread
The bear put spread is a strategy used in options trading to take a bearish position. It entails purchasing a put option at a higher strike priceselling a different put option at a lower one for the same underlying asset. This strategy can be helpful in a low-interest environment for investors looking to benefit from potential asset price decreases.
The investor pays a premium for the higher strike put optionreceives a bonus from selling the lower strike put option. It reduces the initial cost of the tradelimits potential losses if the underlying asset’s price does not decrease significantly.
In a low-interest environment, the bear put spread can be beneficial as it offers potential returns without requiring a significant upfront investment. However, investors should also consider that this strategy has limited upside potential.
A straddle option is a balanced strategy that entails buying both a callput option on the same underlying asset, with an identical strike priceexpiration date. This strategy can benefit investors looking to benefit from significant market volatility in a low-interest environment.
The investor pays premiums for both the callput options, giving them the right to buy or sell at the predetermined price. This strategy can be lucrative if the underlying asset’s price fluctuates significantly, regardless of whether it increases or decreases.
In a low-interest environment, investors may find straddle options attractive as they provide potential returns without requiring a significant initial investment. However, this strategy could be more risky as it needs considerable market movement to be potentially successful.